9th Nov, 2022 10:00

Royalty, Fine Art & Antiques

Lot 1070

Historic Darwin family photograph album, believed to have been compiled by Emma Darwin

Of Charles Darwin interest: Historic and illuminating Darwin family photograph album, believed to have been the possession of Emma Darwin (1808-1896). The Victorian tooled leather album with brass clasp, retailed by Parkins & Gotto, 27 & 28 Oxford St., London, total size 15 x 25cm. Housing a total of 81 sepia photographs of members of the extended Darwin family and circle, many with pencil identification to the mounts believed to be in the hand of Emma Darwin. The photographs in page order as follows: Page 1 - William Erasmus Darwin (1839-1914), Henrietta Emma Darwin (1843-1927), Page 2 - unidentified seated woman titled 'F W' probably one of the Wedgwoods, Charles Darwin, Page 3 - Elizabeth Darwin (1847-1926), Francis Darwin (1848-1925), Page 4 - 'H W' possibly Hope Wedgwood (1844-1935), 'E W' possibly Emma Darwin's sister Sarah Elizabeth Wedgwood (1793-1880), Page 5 - double portrait of two children, probably Horace Darwin (1851-1928) and Leonard Darwin (1850-1943), George Howard Darwin (1845-1912), Page 6 - Millicent Lethbridge, Edmund Langton (1841-1875) (Emma Darwin's nephew), Page 7 - Jessie Huxley (1856-1927), Marian Huxley (1859-1887), Page 8 - Leonard Darwin (1850-1943), Margaret Wedgwood (1843-1937) (mother of Ralph Vaughan Williams), Page 9 - mother and child group 'Cicerly & Cecil' who are Cecily Mary Wedgwood (1837–1917) and her nephew Cecil Wedgwood (1863-1915), unidentified young woman 'Betsy', Page 10 - woman titled 'Mrs Huxley', Mrs Hooker (1851-1874) (Joseph Dalton Hooker’s first wife, Frances Harriet Henslow), Page 11 - Girl with doll titled 'G Bridgeman', possibly Georgina Emily Mary Bridgeman (1863-9), daughter of John Robert Orlando Bridgeman and his wife Marianne Caroline Clive, 'Mrs Bunbury', probably Millicent Lethbridge's mother, Page 12, Jessie Huxley (1856-1927), seated woman titled 'Mrs Brodie', probably Eliza Mary Brodie Innes (1820-1909), Page 13, 'Mrs Galton' probably Francis Galton’s mother, Frances Anne Violetta Darwin (1783–1874), Mme. Haeckel (Anna Sethe, first wife of zoologist Ernst Haeckel who died in 1864, Haeckel sent a photograph - probably this photograph, in a letter to Charles Darwin dated 10th August 1864), Page 14, 'Rosamund Lyell', niece of Charles Lyle (1797-1875), Nettie Huxley (1863-1940), Page 15, Leonard Huxley (1860-1933), Rachel Huxley (1862-1934), Page 16, infant Cecil Wedgwood (1863-1916), Mary Hawkshaw (d.1863, mother of Cecil Wedgwood), Page 17, photo of an unnamed baby, Margaret Wedgwood (1843-1947), Page 18, George Howard Darwin (1845-1912), William Erasmus Darwin (1839-1915), Page 19, unidentified family pet dog, 'John Wedgwood' (possibly John Darwin Wedgwood, 1840-1870), Page 20, unidentified young woman, 'Capt. C Darwin' (possibly Sacheverel Charles Darwin 1844-1900), Page 21, authors William Makepeace Thackeray (1811-1863), George Macdonald (1824-1905), Page 22, group shot of Maria Fedorovna and Alexander Alexandrovitch (later Tsar Alexander III of Russia), family group titled 'P & P Louis of Hesse' Prince and Princess Louis of Hesse, Page 23, Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyl (1848-1939), Prince and Princess Christian (of Schleswig-Holstein), Page 24, Queen Alexandra (probably Alexandra of Denmark 1844-1925), opera singer Jenny Lind (1820-1887), Page 25, Mme. De Sismondi (1819-1853) (Emma Darwin's aunt), Miss Bateman (probably the actress Kate Bateman 1842-1917), Page 26, 'Q. of Wurttemburg' presumably Sophie of Wurttemburg, Queen of Netherlands (1818-1877), cleric, religious reformer and mathematician Bishop Colenso (1814-1887), Page 27, Queen Victoria (with infant), Queen Alexandra (1844-1925), Page 28, Mrs Romanes (1856-1878), Hensleigh Wedgwood (1801-1891), Page 29, 'Little Haeckels' (a letter from Ernst Haeckel to Charles Darwin dated 8 October 1873 is sent with a photograph of the scientist's two eldest children - presumably this photograph), 'Miss Woolner' (probably relative of Thomas Woolner), Page 30, Amy Lubbock (1857-1877), unnamed Gentleman but possibly Charles Darwin's manservant Joseph Parslow (1812-1898), Page 31, unidentified gentleman named as 'W. Creasy', George Howard Darwin (1845-1912), Page 32, Elizabeth Darwin (1847-1926), 'E D' probably Emma Darwin (1808-1896), Page 33, unidentified young woman, half length portrait of a young woman bearing resemblance to Henrietta Emma Darwin (1843-1927), Page 34, unidentified woman, 'T Burgess, marine of Beagle' Thomas Burgess (b. 1810), inscribed verso ‘Marine on board The Beagle’, dated Ap. 75), Page 35, Dick Atkins (Francis Darwin 's nephew), 'LD' possibly Leonard Darwin (1850-1943), Page 36, unidentified woman seated at a desk, 'LD' possibly Leonard Darwin (1850-1943), Page 37, Charles Darwin, Joseph Parslow (1812-1898) Charles Darwin's manservant (possibly the first identified image of Joseph Parslow, a significant figure in Charles Darwin's life), Page 38, Lady Lyell (Mary Elizabeth Lyell, geologist and concologist who assisted Darwin, 1808-1873), Ralph (Vaughan) Williams (1872-1958) as a child, Page 39, Bernard Darwin (1876-1961) (first grandson to Emma and Charles Darwin), 'Namesake of CD in Hamburg', photograph is inscribed verso 'Darwin Beger, Hamburg, 8th Feb.ry 1879', a letter sent to Charles Darwin from Karl Beger, dated 12th February 1879 reads 'Dear Sir, My wife and I, beg to present you our very best wishes for your birthday, and hope that it may return always in health and happiness. Enclosed the photograph of our little Darwin. He is now two years old, and a very good, intelligent, and thoroughly healthy child. He speaks already and takes his meals without help.In the upper chaw he has got 5. cutting-teeth instead of 4., but they stand regularly and ar⁠⟨⁠e⁠⟩⁠ as nice and good as could be⁠. Dear Sir, | Your most obedient servant | F. T. C. Beger & wife.' presumably this is the photograph discussed in the letter, Page 40, child named as Ethel Pattrick (1875/6-94), she was the daughter of the Darwins’ governess, Camilla Ludwig, unidentified woman named as Mrs Nash, Page 41, unidentified child named as Otto Patrick.

Provenance: From the Estate of George Erasmus Darwin (1927-2017), the previous history is unknown, but likely by family descent. The pencil inscriptions bear close resemblance to known examples of Emma Darwin's hand and the contents, range and dateline of the album would support the assertion that she compiled the album, which would suggest a provenance: Emma to George Howard Darwin to William Robert Darwin to George Erasmus Darwin. Other Darwin family albums are known, including others apparently also annotated by Emma Darwin, but our research has found nothing comparable in terms of size, range or volume and this lot may represent the principle extant Darwin family album.

We would like to thank the staff of The Darwin Correspondence Project and Down House for their helpful assistance with the identification of photographs in this collection.

Sold for £46,000

Condition Report

Images of reverse of photos are in catalogue order

Please note VAT is not payable on this lot


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Auction: Royalty, Fine Art & Antiques, 9th Nov, 2022

Storage Charges:- Please note that all lots of furniture bought in a Fine Art & Antiques Sale, will only be held at our premises until Monday PM, post sale. Our hours are 9am - 5pm and collections are not available outside of this time.  All items of furniture will be collected by R & D Schofield Removals, from the Tuesday after the sale, at a cost per lot of £10 + VAT and £1 per day storage thereafter.


Friday 4th November 1pm until 5pm

Saturday 5th November 9am until 1pm

Monday 7th November 9am until 6pm

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Terms of Business


1. Introduction. The following informative notes are intended to assist Bidders and Buyers and form part of our Conditions of Business. All sales are governed by our printed Conditions of Business, including the Information for Buyers, Conditions of Sale, and the Terms of Consignment for Sellers, which are readily available for inspection in our printed catalogues or in our saleroom. Buyers should carefully read the Conditions of Sale and Terms of Consignment for Sellers prior to bidding at auction, as Bidders and Buyers will be deemed to have accepted these terms and conditions once a bid has been placed. Our staff will be happy to help you if there is anything you do not fully understand.

Please refer to clause 1 of the Conditions of Sale if you are unsure about the meaning of a defined term.

2. Agency. As auctioneers we act as agent for the Seller whose identity, for reasons of confidentiality, is not normally disclosed to the Buyer. If a Buyer purchases at auction, the contract of sale is made directly between the Buyer and the Seller.

3. Pre-sale Estimates. Pre-sale estimates are intended as a guide to help Buyers gauge approximate prices for the purchase of a particular lot. The actual Hammer Price realised at auction may be higher or lower than the pre- sale estimate. The lower estimate may represent a reserve price which we have agreed with the Seller. Pre- sale estimates do not include the Buyer's Premium or VAT. Estimates printed in the sale catalogue are prepared some time before the sale and may be altered by announcement prior to the auction. It is advisable for the Buyer to consult us nearer the time of the auction for any updates or revisions to pre-sale estimates.

4. Buyer's Premium. A Buyer's Premium on the Hammer Price of each lot purchased is payable to us by the Buyer and will consist of an amount calculated by applying the following rates:

22.5% of the Hammer Price for the sale of all chattels;

and 10% for the sale of all motor vehicles including motorcycles.

In addition, VAT is chargeable on the Buyer's Premium {see paragraph 5 of this Information For Buyers section in relation to VAT).

A surcharge may apply if bidding online.

5. VAT. Our sale catalogues include guidance in relation to the VAT implications of purchasing particular lots. Please note that this is general guidance only and is subject to relevant tax legislation in force at the time of sale. Buyers should seek independent advice from a tax advisor.

VAT is payable by the Buyer at the standard rate {presently 20%) on the Hammer Price.

All lots are sold using the margin scheme unless otherwise indicated.

Buyers should note that any VAT which may be included within the Buyer's Premium for these lots is not recoverable as input tax.

6. Description and Condition of Lots. As agents for the Seller, we ore primarily dependent on information provided by the Seller, and any statement made by us in respect of any lot, as to authorship, genuineness, origin, date, age, provenance, condition or estimated selling price, including condition reports that may be provided at the Buyer's request, is a statement of opinion honestly held by us.

It is recommended that prospective Buyers inspect the lots on which they intend to bid at pre-sale viewings in our saleroom. Accordingly, we accept bids from potential Buyers on the basis that Buyers (or their advisors) have fully inspected the lot prior to bidding and have satisfied themselves prior to bidding in relation to the condition and accuracy of the description of the lot.

The nature of the lots sold at auction is such that they will rarely be in perfect condition and are likely, due to their nature and their age, to show signs of wear and tear, damage, or other imperfections, restoration, or repair.

Any reference to condition by Reeman Dansie will not amount to a full description of condition. Photographs included in Reeman Dansiessale catalogues are not representative of the condition of any lot.

We draw the Buyer's attention to the exclusion of liability for the condition of lots contained in the Conditions of Sale. Neither the Seller nor we, as the auctioneers, accept any responsibility for the condition of any lot.

In certain specified circumstances, lots that are misdescribed because they are deliberate forgeries may be returned by the Buyer and repayment made by the Seller. There is a 14 day time limit for a Buyer to return a lot on this basis (please see the Conditions of Sale for the definition of 'Deliberate Forgery").

7. Electrical and Mechanical Goods. All electrical and mechanical goods are sold for their decorative and artistic value and are not guaranteed to be in working order. Prior to use, the electrical system of such goods must be checked and approved for compliance with safety regulations.

8. Soft Furnishings. Soft furnishings sold at auction may not comply with statutory safety and fire regulations. Prior to use, it is the Buyer's responsibility to ensure that such goods are reupholstered, restuffed and/or recovered as appropriate in order that they comply with safety regulations.

9. Endangered Species. Property sold at auction may incorporate endangered or other species of wildlife and plant life, for example ivory, tortoiseshell, crocodile skin, whole bone, ebony or rosewood. Several countries restrict or prohibit the import or export of objects containing these materials or require a permit for their movement (for example, a CITES licence). Prior to bidding on an item which may include these or similar organic materials, Buyers should familiarise themselves with the relevant customs laws and regulations if they intend to move the property to another country.

10. Jewellery. Gemstones are often treated to enhance their colour and improve their appearance. They may be heated or treated by oil or resin to intensify colour and transparency. Other techniques such as dyeing, irradiation, coating and impregnation may also be used. Buyers should be aware that unless the catalogue description specifically states that the stone is natural, Reeman Dansie has assumed that any treatment may not be permanent, and that special care of the stone may be needed in the future.

11. Bidding. Bidders will be required to register before a sale commences in order to place a bid on any lot. Proof of identification (photo identification and proof of current address) will be required at the time of registration.

Lots will only be invoiced to the name and address on the bid registration form and cannot be transferred to another name and address. We can only accept payment for the lot from the registered Bidder.

12. Other Ways to Bid. There are several alternatives to bidding in person in the sale room at the time of the sale.

Commission bids may be left with the Auctioneer by a Bidder indicating the maximum amount to be bid (excluding VAT and Buyer's Premium and any other charges that may apply). Subject to the reserve price of the lot and any other bids received, the sale may be concluded for less than the maximum bid.

Bidders may also register to bid on the telephone or online (surcharges may apply) during the sale. Please enquire in advance about our arrangements for alternative means of placing bids. Bids must be received by Reeman Dansie not less than 24 hours before the sale.

If two Bidders submit identical bids, the Auctioneer will endeavour to ensure the first bid received has priority.

13. Payment. Payment is due immediately after the auction. We accept the following methods of payment:

Bank Transfer - direct to our Bank :-

Barclays Bank
9 High Street, Colchester CO1 1DD

Sort Code

20-22- 67

Account No



GB09 BUKB 2022 6763 3277 79



Secure Online Gateway - an electronic invoice will be provided to the Buyer which contains a link to our secure payment page for online payment by credit or debit card.

We reserve the right to take payment from the credit/debit card registered with The Saleroom.com if any online purchase made via The Saleroom.com is not fully paid within 7 days of the sale.

Debit cards - payments can be made in person or over the telephone.

Credit cards - payments can be made in person or over the telephone (please note there is a £500 limit for credit card payments over the telephone).

Sold lots can only be released to the Buyer on Reeman Dansies' receipt of payment in full and cleared funds of the Purchase Price.

14. Export of Goods. Any lot purchased at auction may be subject to export restrictions or may require a licence for export out of the United Kingdom, for example depending on the age and value of the lot or if the lot contains organic or endangered materials that are restricted from export (as discussed at paragraph 9 above).

The Buyer is responsible for obtaining any licences that may be required (including any licence that may be required for import into the destination country). The delay or denial of any such licence will not be grounds for the Buyer to cancel any purchase.

15. Collection and storage. Please note that all lots must be paid for and collected by the Buyer promptly following the auction and in any event within 7 days following the sale. Lots cannot be released until payment (including Buyer's Premium and VAT where applicable) has been received by us in full and cleared funds. Any delay of payment may involve the Buyer in incurring storage charges.

At the Buyer's request, we may be able to assist in arranging shipment of lots. Otherwise, collection of lots is the Buyer's sole responsibility. Buyers will be required to produce proof of identity on collection of the lot.

If a Buyer arranges for a third party to collect a sold lot on the Buyer's behalf, we will require from the Buyer written evidence of the third party's authority to collect the lot in advance of releasing it. Reeman Dansie accepts no liability for loss or damage to any lot once it has been collected.

Failure by the Buyer or their authorised representative to collect within the specified time frame, may lead to removal of the lot to offsite storage for which the Buyer will be charged removal and storage.



All aspects of the relationship between Sellers, Buyers and/or Reeman Dansie regarding the sale, purchase or holding of property by Reeman Dansie are governed by Reeman Dansies' Conditions of Business, including these Terms of Consignment, the Conditions of Sale, the Information for Buyers and any additional terms. conditions or notices as may be referred to herein or that may be amended by way of notices posted in the saleroom or by way of announcements made by the Auctioneer.

Sellers' attention is specifically drawn to paragraphs 4, 5, 8 and 12.4, which contain specific obligations on Sellers and limitations and exclusions of Reeman Dansies' legal liability. These limitations and exclusions are consistent with Reeman Dansies' role as a provincial auction house.

The Seller agrees that all property will be sold in accordance with Reeman Dansies’ Conditions of Business.


1.1. Unless otherwise stated, all defined terms have the some meaning in these Terms of Consignment as set out in the Conditions of Sale.

1.2. In these Terms of Consignment:

"Net Sale Proceeds" means the Hammer Price of the lot sold(as received by Reeman Dansie in full and cleared funds from the Buyer), less Seller's Commission and any other expenses payable by the Seller to Reeman Dansie in accordance with these Terms of Consignment.

‘”Seller's Commissionmeans the commission payable by the Seller to Reeman Dansie in relation to the sale of a lot which is consigned by the Seller, such commission payable at the date of the sale together with any applicable VAT at the rates set out in these Terms of Consignment (or as may otherwise be updated or agreed with Reeman Dansie).


21. The Seller authorises Reeman Dansie to act as agent on its behalf and to charge and receive commission from the Buyer at the standard rates set out In the Conditions of Business.

2.2. The Seller authorises Reeman Dansie to deduct commission at the stated rate and all expenses incurred for the Seller's account from the Hammer Price, including but not limited to catalogue and other reproductions and illustrations, any customs duties, licences, marketing, packing, shipping or storage costs, taxes, or bank charges plus an amount in respect of applicable VAT. The Seller consents to Reeman Dansies' right to retain beneficially the premium paid by the Buyer in accordance with Reeman Dansies' Conditions of Sale and any interest earned on the sale proceeds until the date of settlement to the Seller {subject always to payment by the Buyer).


3.1. Seller's Commission is charged at the following rates: -

3.1.1. All Sales: 16% (+ VAT) on the Hammer Price + £5 (+ VAT) per lot for all chattels.

3.1.2. 10% (+VAT) on the Hammer Price + £5 (+ VAT) per lot for all motor vehicles including motorcycles.


4.1. The Seller represents and warrants to Reeman Dansie and to the buyer that at all relevant times (including but not limited to the time of consignment and at the time of the sale):

4.1.1. The Seller is the legal owner of the lot consigned to Reeman Dansie, or is fully authorised to sell the Property by the legal owner of It;

4.1.2. The Seller is able to and shall transfer possession to the Buyer good and marketable title to the lot free from any third-party rights, claims or potential claims;

4.1.3. The Seller has provided Reeman Dansie with all information concerning the provenance of the lot that is known to the Seller and has notified Reeman Dansie in writing of any concerns expressed by third parties in relation to the ownership, condition, authenticity, attribution, or export or import of the lot;

4.1.4. The Seller is unaware of any matter or allegation which would render any description given to Reeman Dansie in relation to the lot inaccurate or misleading in any way;

4.1.5. The lot is not stolen;

4.1.6. The lot has been or will be lawfully imported and lawfully and permanently exported as required by the laws of any country in which it is or was located. Any required declarations upon the export and import of the lot have been or will be properly made and any duties and taxes on the export and import of the lot have been or will be paid by the Seller.

4.1.7. The Seller has paid or will pay any applicable taxes and/or duties that may be due on the Purchase Price of the lot;

4.1.8. The Seller is not aware of any restrictions, in copyright or otherwise, relating to the lot (other than those imposed by law or any restrictions on Reeman Dansie's rights to reproduce photographs or any images of the lot;

4.1.9. Unless the Seller notifies Reeman Dansie to the contrary, any electrical or mechanical goods or components are in a safe operating condition if reasonably used for the purpose for which they were designed and are free from any defect not obvious on external inspection which could prove dangerous to human life or health.

4.2. Where Reeman Dansie reasonably believes that there is or may be a breach of any such representation or warranty, Reeman Dansie is entitled in its sole discretion to rescind the Sellers lot from sale.

4.3. Items for sale must be consigned to the saleroom by any deadline as stated by Reeman Dansie. All costs and expenses incurred for packing, shipping and delivery to Reeman Dansie prior to sale are at the Seller's sole expense.


5.1. The Seller agrees to indemnify Reeman Dansie, their respective servants, directors, officers and employees and the Buyer against any loss or damage resulting from any breach or alleged breach of any of the above representations or warranties.

5.2 The Seller's representations, undertakings and indemnities will survive completion of the sale of the lot.


6.1. Lots may be included in a sale at Reeman Dansies' sole discretion, including how the lot is described and illustrated in the sale catalogue and any marketing of the lot.

6.2. Any estimates given by Reeman Dansie are honestly held opinions only and are only on indication of the price a lot may achieve at the sale. The price achieved may be higher or lower and the Seller may not rely on Reeman Dansies’ estimates. Estimates may be revised at any time prior to sale at Reeman Dansies’ sole discretion.

6.3. The description of a lot is a matter of Reeman Dansies' opinion and not of fact, and depends on several factors including but not limited to the information provided by the Seller, the condition of the lot, and the generally accepted expert opinion regarding the lot at the time of cataloguing.

6.4. Reeman Dansie may at its sole discretion consult with or refer any lot to a third party for further research or additional expert opinion. Reeman Dansie is in no way obligated to consult any third party expert In relation to any lot.

6.5. Subject to the limitations and exclusions set out in these Terms of Consignment, Reeman Dansie exercises reasonable care in compiling descriptions of lots and any other related reports. consistent with its role as a provincial auction house.


Lots may be illustrated in the sale catalogue at Reeman Dansies' sole discretion. The cost of any illustrations is borne by the Seller. The copyright in respect of such illustrations shall be the property of Reeman Dansie, as is the text of the catalogue.


8.1. Reeman Dansie is dependent on information from the Seller and is not responsible for any errors or omissions in the information provided by the Seller.

8.2. Reeman Dansie is not liable for any acts or omissions arising from the conduct of auctions or in relation to sale of any lot, whether negligent or not.

8.3. Reeman Dansie does not exclude or limit its liability in relation to fraudulent misrepresentation by Reeman Dansie. Subject to the foregoing, any claim against Reeman Dansie by the Seller is limited to the Net Sale Proceeds of the relevant lot and does not include any Indirect or consequential losses of the Seller.


9.1. Lots will normally be offered for sale subject to a reserve to be agreed between Reeman Dansie and the Seller before the sale, that is. the minimum Hammer Price at which that lot may be sold. A reserve once set cannot be changed except with Reeman Dansies' consent.

Reserves must be reasonable and Reeman Dansie may decline to offer goods which in its opinion would be subject to on unreasonably high reserve. No reserve may exceed the lot's final low pre-sale estimate.

9.2. Reeman Dansie shall in no circumstances be liable if bids are not received to the level of the reserve. Reeman Dansie may at its discretion sell lots below the reserve provided Reeman Dansie pays the Seller the sale proceeds it would have received if the lot had sold for the reserve.


The Seller may not bid or instruct a third party to bid on its behalf for property that it consigns for sale.


Following the sale, the Seller will be liable to pay Reeman Dansie the Seller's Commission and any other expenses set out in these Terms of Consignment. All monies due to Reeman Dansie by the Seller will be deducted from the payment of the Hammer Price received from the Buyer.


12.1. After the sale of the Seller's property, settlement of the Net Sale Price due to the Seller shall normally be made not later than 16 days following the sale, subject always to Reeman Dansie receiving payment of the Purchase Price in full and cleared funds from the Buyer. In the event the Buyer has not paid for the lot, no settlement will be made to the Seller until payment is received.

12.2. Reeman Dansie may take the Seller's instructions regarding recovery of payment, subject to the Conditions of Sale, but it is at Reeman Dansies' sole discretion whether to take any action against a Buyer or seek any of the remedies as set out in the Conditions of Sale. Reeman Dansie is under no obligation to investigate the ability of any Bidder to pay for purchased lots or to pursue any Buyer for non-payment.

12.3. The Seller agrees to inform Reeman Dansie of any action which it chooses to take against a Buyer in order to enforce payment by the Buyer.

12.4. The Seller's attention is drawn to its liability to reimburse the proceeds of sale to Reeman Dansie in the event any lot is deemed to be a Deliberate Forgery (as described in paragraph 10 of the Conditions of Sole).


13.1. Unless otherwise agreed in writing with the Seller as set out below, Reeman Dansie assumes liability for loss or damage to property consigned to it at the low pre-sale estimate commencing when the property is received by Reeman Dansie until title passes to the Buyer, in the event the property is sold. If the property is unsold, Reeman Dansies' liability will cease when the property is collected by the Seller, or 10 days after the sale, whichever is earlier.

13.2. The liability assumed by Reeman Dansie for loss or damage to any lot shall be limited to the low pre-sale estimate, or to the Hammer Price if the lot has sold, or to the reserve if the lot was unsold.

13.3. The Seller must instruct Reeman Dansie in writing if it does not wish Reeman Dansie to assume liability for consigned property as set out above. The property will then remain entirely at the Seller's risk unless and until the property passes to the Buyer or is collected by or on behalf of the Seller.

13.4. Sellers do not in any event have the right to claim for loss or damage to property under Reeman Dansies' insurance policy.


14.1. In the event a lot remains unsold at auction, the Seller authorises Reeman Dansie at its discretion to negotiate a sale by private treaty for a period of 10 days following the auction. The charges and expenses as set out in these Terms of Consignment will be payable by the Seller as if such lot had been sold at auction. Insofar as appropriate, the Conditions of Business are applicable to any such private treaty sale.

14.2. If an item is unsold it may with the Seller's consent be re-offered at a future auction. The Conditions of Business shall be applicable to any items reconsigned for sale. Where in Reeman Dansies opinion an item is unsaleable, the Seller must collect such items from the saleroom promptly on being so informed and in any event within 10 days of such notification.

14.3. Alternatively, unsold items may be collected by the Seller within 10 days of the sale in which the lot was entered, subject to payment by the Seller of any expenses due to Reeman Dansie.

14.4. Reeman Dansie may in its absolute discretion withdraw an item from sale if it reasonably believes that the warranties given by the Seller under the Conditions of Business in relation to that item may be breached, or if it becomes aware of an actual breach of the warranties in relation to that item. Reeman Dansie will notify the Seller if the Seller's property is withdrawn from sale. The Seller must collect its property promptly on being so informed and in any event within 10 days of such notification.

14.5. Failure by the Seller to collect any item within the specified time will incur storage charges at a daily rate of £5/day (+VAT), such charges to accrue until the Seller collects the item.

14.6. Withdrawn lots & Increasing reserves. The seller may not withdraw a lot from the sale or increase a reserve on a lot without the Auctioneers consent. If a seller withdraws a lot or increases the reserve, the Auctioneers reserve the right to charge a fee equal to 16% (plus V.A.T.) of the lower estimate or reserve price (minimum fee £10 plus V.A.T.).

14.7. Unsold and withdrawn lots will not be released to the Seller until the fees and expenses under these Terms of Consignment are paid to Reeman Dansie by the Seller.


15.1. The Seller is solely responsible for packing and delivery of their property to Reeman Dansie prior to sale, and for collection in the event the property is unsold. Reeman Dansie may agree with the Seller to arrange for a third party shipper, at the Seller's expense. Any expenses incurred by Reeman Dansie in relation to transport of Seller's property will be chargeable to the Seller.

15.2. Reeman Dansie is not liable for any loss or damage to any property caused by any third party in relation to handling, packing, transport or storage.

15.3. In the event property has been delivered to Reeman Dansies' saleroom without sufficient sale instructions and/or remains uncollected and/ or unconsigned for sale, Reeman Dansie reserves the right to charge £5 (+ VAT) per lot per day for warehousing. Reeman Dansie will notify the Seller on record in writing at the Seller's last known address. If the property is not removed within 6 months from such notification, Reeman Dansie reserves the right to sell the property and defray its expenses from any net proceeds of sale. Alternatively, Reeman Dansie may at the Seller's expense give the property to the local authority or other body for disposal.



Reeman Dansie Limited ("Reeman Dansie") carries on business with Bidders, Buyers and Sellers on the following Conditions of Sale, the Terms of Consignment for Sellers, the Information for Buyers and on such other terms, conditions and notices as may be referred to herein or that may be amended by way of notices posted in the saleroom or by way of announcements made by the Auctioneer.

In these Conditions:

"Auctioneer" means Reeman Dansie or its authorised auctioneer, as appropriate.

"Bidder" means the person considering, making or attempting to make a bid on a lot, in person or by any other means, including the Buyer.

"Buyer" means the Bidder who makes the highest bid accepted by the Auctioneer.

"Buyer's Premium" means additional payment on the Hammer Price of each lot purchased, payable to Reeman Dansie by the Buyer, on which VAT is chargeable.

"Client" means an individual who may be either the Bidder, Buyer or Seller depending on the context.

"Deliberate Forgery" means on imitation mode with the intention of deceiving as to authorship, origin, date, age, period, culture or source but which is unequivocally described in the catalogue as being the work of a of a particular creator and which at the date of the sale had a materially lesser value than it would have had if it had been in accordance with the catalogue description.

"Hammer Price" means the highest bid reached (at or above any reserve) and accepted by the Auctioneer when the Auctioneer brings down the hammer and the sale of the lot is final.

"Purchase Price" means the Hammer Price in respect of the lot sold, together with any Buyer's Premium, Value Added Tax chargeable and any additional charges payable by a Buyer in accordance with these Conditions.

"Seller" means the legal owner of the lot offering it for sale, including their agents (other than Reeman Dansie), executors or personal representatives.

"Terms of Consignment" means the stipulated terms and rates of commission on which Reeman Dansie accepts instructions from Sellers or their agents and which form port of these Conditions of Business.

The singular includes the plural and vice verso as appropriate.


2.1 Bidders are required to register their details before bidding and to supply any information or references required by Reeman Dansie before entering the auction room to bid or before Reeman Dansie will accept any other form of bid, whether by commission, telephone or otherwise. Proof of the Bidder's identification (photo identification and proof of current address) will be required at the time of registration.

2.2 The Bidder with the highest bid accepted by the Auctioneer conducting the sale shall be the Buyer at the Hammer Price.

2.3 Bidders shall be deemed to act as principals and require Reeman Dansies' written consent at the time of Bidder registration to bid as agent for another party. Bidders are personally liable for their bid and jointly and severally liable with their principal if bidding as agent (whether or not Reeman Dansie has consented to the Bidder acting as agent).

2.4 Lots will only be invoiced to the name and address of the Bidder on the bid registration form and cannot be transferred to another name and address. Reeman Dansie can only accept payment for the lot from the registered Bidder.

2.5 Reeman Dansie expressly reserves the right to bid on behalf of the Seller up to the amount of any reserve. The Auctioneer has discretion to refuse any bid from any Bidder, and to withdraw or re-offer any lot if the Auctioneer believes there has been an error or dispute. Any dispute about a bid shall be settled at the Auctioneer's absolute discretion, the Auctioneer acting reasonably at all times.

2.6 All lots (unless otherwise specified) are offered subject to a confidential reserve price agreed between Reeman Dansie and the Seller below which Reeman Dansie may not sell the lot. The reserve price shall be no higher than the low pre-sale estimate of the lot at the time of auction.

2.7 Reeman Dansies’ knowledge in relation to any lot is dependent on information provided by the Seller of the lot. Reeman Dansie is not able to and does not carry out exhaustive due diligence on each lot. Bidders acknowledge this fact and accept responsibility for carrying out inspections and investigations to satisfy themselves as to the lots on which they bid.

2.8 Each lot offered for sale at Reeman Dansie is available for inspection by Bidders prior to the auction. Reeman Dansie accepts bids by any means on the basis that Bidders (and/or independent advisors acting on the Bidder's behalf) have fully inspected the lot prior to bidding and have satisfied themselves prior to bidding as to both the condition of the lot and the accuracy of its description. All lots are offered for sale in the condition they are in at the time of the auction.

2.9 Sale catalogues, catalogue illustrations and condition reports are for information purposes only and do not necessarily convey the full information regarding any lot. Information provided to Bidders or their advisors prior to the sale in respect of any lot, whether written or oral and including any information in the sale catalogue or condition or other report, is a statement of opinion honestly held by Reeman Dansie and is not a statement of fact.

2.10 Subject to the conditions of paragraphs 2.8 - 2.9, Reeman Dansie exercises reasonable care when making statements of opinion consistent with its role as a provincial auction house, on the basis of information provided by the Seller, available scholarship, and the generally accepted opinions of relevant experts (at the time any such expert expressly states such opinion). Reeman Dansie is in no way required to seek the opinion of any expert outside Reeman Dansie.

2.11 A sale contract is made directly between the Buyer and the Seller on the fall of the Auctioneer's hammer, following which the Buyer becomes liable to pay the Purchase Price.


3.1 Subject to the conditions set out in paragraph 2, Reeman Dansie will, if so instructed by a Bidder clearly in writing not less than 24. hours prior to auction, execute bids on the Bidder's behalf by commission bid, or the Bidder can register not less than 24 hours prior to auction to bid during the auction by telephone or online. Neither the Auctioneer nor its employees or agents shall be responsible for any failure to execute any instructions to bid for any reason, including but not limited to technical failures of phones or online connection.

3.2 Where applicable, if two Bidders submit identical bids, the Auctioneer will endeavour to ensure the first bid received has priority.


Value Added Tax on the Hammer Price is imposed by the laws of England and Wales and will be imposed on the Buyer's Premium. Value Added Tax is charged at the appropriate rate in accordance with legislation in force at the date of sale and is payable by Buyers of relevant lots (Please refer to "Information for Buyers" for a brief explanation of the VAT position)


5.1 Unless otherwise agreed with Reeman Dansie, the Buyer will pay to Reeman Dansie the Purchase Price immediately following the sale of any lot but in any event within 7 working days of the auction.

5.2 Any payments by the Buyer to Reeman Dansie may be applied by Reeman Dansie towards any sums owing from the Buyer to Reeman Dansie on any account whatever without regard to any directions of the Buyer, whether express or implied.

5.3 Title in a purchased lot will not pass to the Buyer until Reeman Dansie has received the Purchase price of the lot in full and cleared funds. Reeman Dansie will not release any lot to the Buyer for collection until payment of the Purchase Price and any additional charges to the Buyer (as set out below in clause 7.2) is received.

5.4 . All monies received by us on account of the purchase price for the lot will be paid by us into our client’s auction account at Barclays Bank plc, account no.63327779. Any interest earned on monies held in trust will be retained by Reeman Dansie unless otherwise agreed.


6.1 The Buyer shall at their own risk and expense collect any lots for which the Buyer has paid in full from Reeman Dansies' premises not later than 10 days following the date of the relevant auction

6.2 The Buyer shall be required to show proof of purchase and identification prior to the lot being released. Any packers or shippers acting on the Buyer's behalf will require written authorisation by the Buyer before Reeman Dansie will release any purchased lot to them.

6,3 All packing and handling of lots will be at the Buyer's sole risk, Reeman Dansie will not be responsible for any acts or omissions of third party packers or shippers.


7.1 If the Buyer pays the Purchase Price and any related expenses but fails to collect a purchased lot within 28 days following the date of the relevant auction, the lot will be stored at the Buyer's expense and risk, at Reeman Dansie or with a third party.

7.2 The Buyer shall be required to pay all additional expenses, including but not limited to handling and storage, incurred for failing to collect a purchased lot before the lot is released to the Buyer for collection,


8.1 If any lot is not paid for in full and collected in accordance with these Conditions or if there is any other breach of these Conditions, Reeman Dansie, as agent for the Seller and on its own behalf, shall at its absolute discretion and without prejudice to any other rights Reeman Dansie or the Seller may have, be entitled to exercise one or more of the following rights and remedies:

(a) to commence legal proceedings against the Buyer to recover the Purchase Price and any related expenses for that lot, together with interest and costs of such proceedings on a full indemnity basis;

(b) to cancel the sale of that lot and/or any other lots sold by Reeman Dansie to the Buyer;

{c) to resell the lot (by auction or private treaty) with estimates and reserves at Reeman Dansies' sole discretion. The Buyer shall be responsible for payment of any resulting shortfall in the total amount due (after crediting any part payment and adding any resale costs);

(d) to remove, store and insure the lot at the Buyer's sole risk and expense and, in the case of storage, either at Reeman Dansies' premises or elsewhere;

(e) to charge interest at a rate not exceeding 1.5% per month on the total amount due from the Buyer to the extent it remains unpaid for more than 10 days after the sale until such time as all payments are received in full and cleared funds;

(f) to retain the lot or any other lot sold to the Buyer until the Buyer pays the total amount due and to exercise a lien over any of the Buyer's property in Reeman Dansies' possession for any purpose until the debt due is satisfied;

(g) to reject or ignore bids from the Buyer or the Buyer's agent at future auctions or to impose conditions before any such bids shall be accepted;

(h) to apply any proceeds of sale of other lots due or in future becoming due to the Buyer towards the settlement of the total amount due; and/or

(i) to release the name and address of the Buyer to the Seller to enable the Seller to commence legal proceedings to recover the amounts due and legal costs. Reeman Dansie will take reasonable measures to notify the Buyer prior to releasing such details to the Seller.

8.2 We shall, as agent for the Seller and on our own behalf pursue these rights and remedies only so far as we deem at our sole discretion is reasonable to make appropriate recovery in respect of breach of these Conditions of Business, We are in no way obligated to exercise any of the above rights or remedies


9.1 The Seller warrants to the Bidder that it is the legal owner of the property consigned for sale, or is properly authorised by the legal owner to consign it for sale, and is able to transfer good and marketable title to the property free from any third party claims.

9.2 Subject to paragraph 9.1, neither Reeman Dansie nor the Seller is liable for any errors or omissions provided to Bidders by Reeman Dansie, whether orally or in writing, where negligent or otherwise, except as set out in paragraph 2.11.

9.3 Subject to paragraphs 9,6 and 10, neither Reeman Dansie nor the Seller gives any guarantee or warranty to the Bidder. Any implied warranties and conditions are excluded (except where such warranties and conditions cannot be excluded by law), other than the express warranties given by the Seller to the Buyer in the Terms of Consignment for Sellers

9.4 Neither Reeman Dansie nor the Seller accepts responsibility to any Bidder for acts or omissions (whether negligent or otherwise) by Reeman Dansie in relation to the conduct of any auction.

9.5 Any claim by a Bidder or a Buyer against Reeman Dansie or the Seller is limited to the Purchase Price in respect of the relevant lot and shall not include under any circumstances indirect or consequential losses.

9.6 This paragraph 9 shall not exclude or limit Reeman Dansies' liability in respect of any fraudulent misrepresentation made by Reeman Dansie or the Seller.


10.1 Notwithstanding the conditions in paragraph 9, any

lot which proves to be a Deliberate Forgery (as defined in paragraph 1) may be returned to Reeman Dansie by the Buyer within 14 days of the relevant auction, provided it is in the same condition as when bought, and is accompanied by particulars identifying it from the relevant catalogue description and a written statement of defects. If Reeman Dansie is satisfied at its sole discretion that the above criteria have been met and that the lot is a Deliberate Forgery, the sale will be cancelled and Reeman Dansie shall refund the money paid by the Buyer for the lot including any Buyer's Premium.

10.2 Paragraph 10.1 shall not apply if either:

(1) the catalogue description reflected the generally accepted view of scholars and experts as at the date of sale, or the catalogue description indicated that there was a conflict of opinion; or (2) the only method of establishing at the date of sale that the item was a Deliberate forgery would have been not then generally available or accepted, unreasonably expensive or impractical to use, or likely to have caused damage or loss of value (in Reeman Dansies' reasonable opinion) of the lot; or (3) there has been no material loss in value of the lot from its value had it been in accordance with its description.

10.3 If the Buyer is not personally able to transfer a good and marketable title to Reeman Dansie, then the Buyer shall have no rights under this paragraph 70, The right of return provided by this paragraph 10 is additional to any right or remedy provided by law or by these Conditions of Sale,

10.4 Reeman Dansie may require the Buyer to obtain at the Buyer's expense the reports of up to two independent and recognised experts in the field, mutually acceptable to Reeman Dansie and to the Buyer. Reeman Dansie shall not be bound by any reports produced by the Buyer, and reserves the right to seek additional expert advice at its own expense.


It is the Buyer's sole responsibility to identity and obtain any necessary licences for a lot, including but not limited to export, import, or endangered species. Reeman Dansie and the Seller make no representations or warranties as to whether any lot is or is not subject to export or import restrictions. The denial of any licence or permit shall not entitle the Buyer to cancel the sale contract or delay payment of the lot.


12.1 In addition to the Purchase Price, lots indicated with this symbol (*) may qualify for and be subject to payment by the Buyer of the Artist's Resale Right at a percentage of the Hammer Price calculated as follows:

Portion of the Hammer Price                Percentage rate 

From €1,000 to €50,000                       4%

From €50,001 to €200,000                   3%

From €200,001 to €350,000                 1%

From €350,001 to €500,000                 0.5%

Exceeding €500,000                             0.25%


The total amount payable will be the aggregate of the sum payable under each of the above rate bands, up to a maximum total amount of €12,500 for any single lot.

12.2 Any Artist's Resale Rights royalties will be calculated on the pound sterling/Euro exchange rate quoted on the date of the sale by the European Central Bank.


13.1 Reeman Dansie will request and use personal information from Clients and, where that personal information is considered to be 'personal data' as defined in the General Data Protection (EU) Regulation 2016/679 (the 'GDPR'), that personal data will be processed according to this clause 13 and our full privacy policy ('Privacy Policy'}, a copy of which is available on the Reeman Dansie website at www.reemandansie.com. In respect of the personal data of Clients processed according to this clause 13, Reeman Dansie will act as a controller.

13.2 The personal information collected by Reeman Dansie from a Client may include the Client's name, proof of identity and financial information, Reeman Dansie does not envisage that it will collect 'sensitive personal data' but will seek the Client's consent before it does so.

13.3 The legal basis on which Reeman Dansie will process personal data will usually be that the processing of personal data is necessary for the performance of a contract to which the Client is a party or in order to take steps at the Client's request prior to entering into a contract. In certain circumstances, Reeman Dansie may also rely on certain other legal justifications for processing personal data, such as consent to the processing (where that consent has been obtained lawfully from the Client), where the processing is necessary for the purposes of the legitimate interests pursued by Reeman Dansie (which will be explained to the Client) or where the processing is necessary for compliance with a legal obligation to which Reeman Dansie is subject.

13.4 Personal data collected from a Client according to this clause 13 may be used for the following purposes:

* the provision of auction-related services;

* Client administration:
* marketing;
* the supply of Client services; or
* as required by law.

13.5 Reeman Dansie may send marketing material about its services to the Client where it has obtained the consent of the Client to do so or if the services are similar to those which Reeman Dansie has previously provided to the Client and the Client has been given the opportunity to opt-out of future marketing at the time of the collection of that personal data. On sending the Client electronic marketing material, Reeman Dansie will offer the Client the option of opting out of receiving further electronic marketing material with each such communication. The Client may opt out of receiving marketing material by post by contacting Reeman Dansies' Compliance Officer using the contact details provided below.

13.6 For the purposes of providing the services to the Client, Reeman Dansie may share the Client's personal data with third parties, including but not restricted to: the Buyer or Seller following an auction; to our partners who provide third party support for our auctions services, such as Go Auction; to our other service providers, such as credit and reference providers, to for any loss, damage or expense as a result of any delay or otherwise caused by us when complying with our statutory obligations contact details provided below.

13.7 Reeman Dansie may be required to share personal data with organisations that are outside of the European Economic Area. Where Reeman Dansie shares personal data in this way it will either do this in order to conclude or perform a contract to which the Client is a party or it will take other appropriate safeguards to protect that personal data. For further information of the appropriate safeguards referred to in this clause please contact the Compliance Officer at Reeman Dansie using the contact details provided below.

13.8 The Client has a number of rights under the GDPR, including being able to request a copy of the personal data held about him/ her (a 'right of access'). A right of access can usually be exercised without a charge being paid by the Client, unless the requests from the Client are manifestly unfounded or excessive. To exercise the right of access the Client should contact the Compliance Officer at Reeman Dansie using the contact details provided below. For further details of the rights available to him/her under the GDPR, the Client should refer to the full Privacy Policy.

13.9 Further details of the processing of the Client's personal data can be found in the full Privacy Policy.

13.10 Further details about the processing of personal data can be obtained from, and queries should be directed to, the Compliance Officer at Reeman Dansie, whose email address is chris@reemandansie.com

13.11 Clients should note that telephone calls to Reeman Dansie relating to auction bids may be recorded.


14.1 The Client acknowledges that due to The Money Laundering, Terrorist Financing and Transfer of Funds (Information on the Payer) Regulations 2017, Reeman Dansie and any person acting on behalf of Reeman Dansie may require further documentation verifying the identity of the Client. The Client further agrees to provide Reeman Dansie with any information as Reeman Dansie determines to be necessary and appropriate to verify compliance with The Money Laundering, Terrorist Financing and Transfer of Funds (Information on the Payer) Regulations 2017 and anti-money laundering regulations of any applicable jurisdiction or to respond to requests for information concerning the identity of the Client from any governmental authority, self- regulatory organisation or financial institution in connection with its anti-money laundering compliance procedures, and to update such information as necessary, We may not be able to tell you if a disclosure has been made to the relevant authorities and, if this is the case, we will not be liable for any loss, damage or expense as a result of any delay or otherwise caused by us when complying with our statutory obligations

14.2 We may not be able to provide services to the Client if we do not receive information as required by this clause 14.


15.l The Auctioneer acts as agent only and disclaims any responsibility for default in relation to any of these Conditions of Business by Sellers or by Buyers.


16.1 All members of the public on Reeman Dansies' premises are there at their own risk and must note the lay-out of the building and any security arrangements. Accordingly, neither Auctioneer nor its employees or agents shall incur liability for death or personal injury (except as required by law) or similarly for the safety of the property of persons visiting the premises.


17.1 Reeman Dansie reserves the right to alter these Conditions of Business at any time.

17.2 Reeman Dansie shall have the right in its absolute discretion to refuse admission to its premises or attendance at its auctions by any person.

17.3 Special terminology may be used in catalogue descriptions of particular types of goods, and the descriptions should be interpreted in accordance with any glossary' appearing in the sale catalogue.

17.4 All images and other materials produced for the auction are the copyright of Reeman Dansie for use at Reeman Dansies' discretion.

17.5 Any notice to any Buyer, Seller or Bidder may be given by first class mail to the last address of which Reeman Dansie has been formally notified and shall be deemed to have been received by the addressee 48 hours after posting. Any notice to Reeman Dansie by the Bidder, Buyer or Seller should be in writing.

17.6 Any extension or waiver of any provision of these Conditions of Business that may be granted to Bidders, Buyers or Sellers by Reeman Dansie for a specific lot shall not have any consequence on the enforceability of these Conditions and in all other respects these Conditions shall remain in full force and effect. Should any provision of these Conditions of Business be deemed unenforceable for any reason, the remaining provisions shall remain in full force and effect.

17.7 These Conditions of Business are not assignable by any Buyer or Seller without Reeman Dansies' prior written consent but are binding on the Buyer's and the Seller's respective successors, assigns and representatives. No act, omission or delay by Reeman Dansie shall be deemed a waiver or release of any of its rights.

17.8 The Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999 is excluded by these Conditions and shall not apply to any contract made pursuant to them.

17.9 The Conditions of Sale, the Terms of Consignment for Sellers, the Information for Buyers, and any additional notices issued by Reeman Dansie form the entire agreement between the parties. It is agreed that no party has entered into any contract pursuant to these terms in reliance on any representation, warranty or undertaking not expressly referred to in these documents (save in respect of liability for fraudulent misrepresentation).

17.10 These Conditions of Business, including the Information for Buyers and the Terms of Consignment for Sellers, and all transactions or disputes to which they relate, are governed by the laws of England and Wales. The Buyer and the Seller agree that the Courts of

England and Wales shall have exclusive jurisdiction in relation to any dispute arising.

17.11. Reemans have in place a complaints handling procedure, details of which are available on request.

17.12. The seller consents to Reeman Dansie promoting the lots in any way they deem fit, including publishing them in the local and national press or via the internet.

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